The city of windmills and aqueducts or the city of clay; It doesn’t matter what title you choose for Yazd. Yazd is always one of the most important tourist destinations for desert enthusiasts. A city that has grown in the harsh nature of the desert and, with the exemplary leadership of its people, is developing more and more daily.
In this article, we have discussed exciting facts and points about Yazd.
- 1. “Yazd” is an ancient word that has its roots in “Yasht” or “Yazt” and “Yasan” and means praise, prayer, worship and God. Also, “Isatis” and “Dar al-Abadeh” are mentioned as the old names of this city.
- . The title “Dar al-Abada” was given to this city after the arrival of Islam and the tendency of the people of Yazd to Islam. This name was chosen during the Seljuk era in 504 AD as an area for worship.
3. Yazd city is the capital of Yazd province and is located in a broad and dry valley surrounded by Shirkoh and Kharanaq mountains.
4. This city dates back to the Sassanid era.
5. Yazd Municipality was established in 1310.
6. The people of Yazd province are of the Aryan race, and due to this region’s geographical location and historical records, they are less mixed with non-Iranian races. The language of the people is Farsi with a Yazdi accent.
7. Yazd city is the second raw clay-made and historical city in the world.
8. The size of Yazd city is 2491 square kilometers.
9. Yazd has a hot, dry and desert climate. The fluctuation of temperature in summer and winter and even at night and day is very variable. In other words, Yazd has two seasons. The long hot season, from March to Mehr, and the short cold season, from November to late February.
10. The unique conditions of the border areas of the desert, the low amount of rain, the movement of quicksands and the lack of water supply sources have caused 28% of the size of Yazd province to be economically unproductive.
11. The most prominent feature of the city is its unique architecture. Aqueducts, windmills, minarets and domes are the most characteristic aspects of the city’s architecture. Wind deflectors are used to capture wind flow and cool buildings.
12. Most scientists of the 7th and 8th centuries made this city the center of their activities to avoid the Mongol invasion.
13. Most of the people of Yazd are Muslim and Shia. Also, a large group of Iranian Zoroastrians live in Yazd. A small minority of Jews and Christians also live in this area.
14. The population of Yazd city is about 600 thousand people. At the same time, Yazd province has a population of nearly one million people.
15. The crucial mines of this province, such as iron, marble, sandstone and lead, have played an important and constructive role in the economic and civil developments of the area.
16. This area has 12 large parks and 153 small parks.
17. Yazd is the fifth industrial province of the country in terms of national ranking.
18. This area is located in large industries such as textiles, carpets, iron smelting, steel, coal, tiles, cable and fiber optics, food, and goldsmithing.
19. Finally, it is interesting to know that in 2015, for the 22nd year in a row, Yazidis took first place in the country’s entrance exam for university (konkoor).