Takht-e Soleymān, also known as Azar Goshnasp, literally “the Fire of the Warrior Kings”, is an archaeological site in Iran.
The archaeological ensemble called Takht-e Soleymān (“Throne of Solomon”) is situated on a remote plain surrounded by mountains in northwestern Iran’s West Azerbaijan province. The site has strong symbolic and spiritual significance related to fire and water – the principal reason for its occupation from ancient times – and stands as an exceptional testimony of the continuation of a cult related to fire and water over a period of some 2,500 years. Located here, in a harmonious composition inspired by its natural setting, are the remains of an exceptional ensemble of royal architecture of Persia’s Sasanian dynasty (3rd to 7th centuries). Integrated with the palatial architecture is an outstanding example of Zoroastrian sanctuary; this composition at Takht-e Soleymān can be considered an important prototype.
An artesian lake and a volcano are essential elements of Takht-e Soleymān. At the site’s heart is a fortified oval platform rising about 60 metres above the surrounding plain and measuring about 350 m by 550 m. On this platform are an artesian lake, a Zoroastrian fire temple, a temple dedicated to Anahita (the divinity of the waters), and a Sasanian royal sanctuary. This site was destroyed at the end of the Sasanian era, but was revived and partly rebuilt in the 13th century. About three kilometres west is an ancient volcano, Zendan-e Soleyman, which rises about 100 m above its surroundings. At its summit are the remains of shrines and temples dating from the first millennium BC.
Duration: 2 Days
Destinations: Zanjan – Takht-e Soleymān – Hamedan -Tehran March to January/
Drive to Zanjan. Visit Dome of Soltaniyeh (Gonbad Soltaniyeh – World Heritage Site). Drive to Takht-e Soleyman. Stay in a homestay/tent.
Visit Takht-e Soleyman sites (Takht-e soleyman and Soleyman prison). Drive to Hamedan. Visit Hegmataneh (Ecbatana) site. Drive back to Tehran.