In antiquity, this area was a province of Persia known as Daylam (sometimesDaylaman, Dailam or Delam). The Daylam region corresponds to the modern region of Gīlān.
Gilan’s position on the Tehran-Baku trade route has established the cities of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht as ranking amongst the most important commercial centers in Iran. As a result, the merchant and middle-classes comprise a significant percentage of the population.
The province has an annual average of 2 million tourists, mostly domestic. Although Iran’s Cultural Heritage Organization lists 211 sites of historical and cultural significance in the province, the main tourist attraction in Gilan is the small town of Masouleh in the hills south-east of Rasht. The town is built in a fashion not dissimilar to the Pueblo settlements, with the roof of one house being the courtyard of the next house above.
Gilan has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran. This richness derives in part from the climate, which allows for a wide variety of fruit, vegetables and nuts to be grown in the province. Seafood is a particularly strong component of Gilani (and Mazandarani) cuisine. Sturgeon, often smoked or served as kebab, and caviar are delicacies along the whole Caspian littoral. Other types of fish such as mahi sefid, kuli, kulmeh, Caspian salmon, mahi kapur and many others are consumed. Fish roe, or ashpal, is widely used in Gileki cuisine. Traditional Persian stews such as ghalieh mahi (fish stew) and ghalieh maygu (shrimp stew) are also featured and prepared in a uniquely Gilani fashion.
More specific to Gilan are a distinctive walnut-paste and pomegranate-juice sauce, used as a marinade for ‘sour’ kebab (Kabab Torsh) and as the basis of Fesenjān, a rich stew of duck, chicken or lamb. Mirza ghasemi is an aubergine and egg dish with a smoky taste that is often served as a side dish or appetizer. Other such dishes include pickled garlic, olives with walnut paste, and smoked fish. The caviar and smoked fish from the region are, in particular, widely prized and sought after specialities in both domestic and foreigngourmet markets. See also Cuisine of Iran. Gilan is a popular tourism destination.
Beginning from Tehran to Gilan province| Guided tour of the following: 1000 years cypress of Harzevil in Harzevil village| Sefid rud river| Windy turbines in Manjil| Buying olive as a souvenir | Eating Caspian kutum as lunch| Hotel check in in Rasht| Walking tour in modern quarters of Rasht
Breakfast at hotel| Guided tour of the following: traditional zone of Rasht| Grand Bazaar of Rasht (included: historical Charsooghs & Caravanseraies) continue in Fuman and eating Kate Kababi (traditional food in Gilan) as lunch| Visit Gilan heritage rural museum| Return to Rasht|
Breakfast at hotel| Drive to Shaft or Amlash for walking tour in Monday or Tuesday fairs (possible on Monday or Tuesday)| Drive to Masuleh| Check in hotel| Walking tour in Masuleh and visiting special Architecture of Masuleh| Visiting the museum of anthropologist of Masuleh|
Guided tour of the following: traditional bazaar of Masuleh|Buying souvenir|Drive to RudKhan Castle| Forest Trekking (possible in spring & summer)| overnight in fuman|
Drive to Kiashahr district| Bird watching on district| walking by the Caspian Sea| Drive to Lahijan and mineral bath in hot springs|visit tea farms and Drive to Tehran|